Best Engineering Courses for a prosperous career: Bio Technology

What is Bio Technology?

Biotechnology is an upcoming popular career option among the student community. It is one of the very few rapidly growing areas of science that is gaining immense popularity recently. Biotechnology is application of biological principles and methodologies in latest technologies to bring new development. It is a fast growing and evolving field in science. Biotechnology can be defined as a set of powerful tools that employ living organisms to make or modify products, improve animals/plants, or develop microorganisms for specific purpose.

Biotechnology is a research oriented science which covers a wide variety of subjects like Genetics, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Immunology, Virology and Engineering.  With the introduction of industrial biotechnology and rising global interest in bio fuels, opportunities in this industry are increasing on a day to day basis. This branch of study is particularly beneficial in areas of medicine, chemical industries and agriculture & its associated industries.

Subjects covered in Bio Technology Engineering:

Just like any other course of engineering, during 1st and 2nd semesters, set of common Engineering subjects along with workshop sessions are present in the curriculum. The core subjects for Bio technology engineers are taught starting from the 3rd semester of the engineering course as follows:

·        Basics of Biology
·        Life Sciences
·        Cell Biology
·        Biochemistry
·        Organic Chemistry
·        Thermodynamics
·        Taxonomy
·        Process Engineering
·        Food Science
·        Management
·        Chemistry
·        Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology
·        Process Control
·        Agricultural Biotechnology
·        Plant Design
·        Bioinformatics
·        Nano Biotechnology
·        Animal and Plant Biotechnology
·        Instrumentation
·        Bio process Engineering
·        Genomics
·        Microbiology
·        Mathematics for Biologists
·        Biophysical Chemistry
·        Bio molecules
·        Molecular Biology & Molecular Genetics
·        Bio process Technology
·        Engineering Principles
·        Virology
·        Molecular Biology of Eukaryotic Systems
·        Animal Cell Biotechnology
·        Genetic Engineering & its Applications
·        Downstream Processing
·        Computational Biology & Bioinformatics
·        Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases
·        Computational and Structural Biology
·        Gene Expression
·        Protein Stability and Folding
·        Advanced Immunology
·        Optimization of Re combinant Protein Expression

Important industries for Bio technology Professionals:

Since biotechnology is a vast field, there lies pool of opportunities for professionals of this branch of science across various sectors. Some of areas in which Bio technology engineers are employed are:

·        Gene therapy
·        Enzyme engineering and technology
·        DNA technologies
·        Drugs and vaccines
·        Nano biotechnology
·         Bio-processing industries
·        Pharmaceutical and chemical industries
·        Healthcare products
·        Textile industry
·        Cosmetics
·        Agriculture sector

Planning, production and management are some of the areas in which bio technologists can also be employed.

Top recruiters for Bio-tech engineers:

There are a large number of companies in Indian biotechnological industry which extensively use biotechnological techniques and processes for developing and innovating processes and products. Here is a comprehensive list of top companies to work with:

·        Biocon
·        Venkateshwara Hatcheries
·        Ranbaxy
·        Serum Institute of India
·        Panacea Biotech
·        Novo Nordisk
·        Aventis
·        Indian Immunologicals
·        Dr. Reddy’s Labs
·        Piramal Healthcare
·        Mahyco Monsanto Biotech
·        Rasi Seeds

Job Prospects for Bio Technology Engineers:

Biotechnology is a mixture of innumerous disciplines. Adding to that there is a great demand for biotechnical experts in countless organizations and industries. The biotechnological techniques are used extensively in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Environment Conservation, Genetic Engineering, Health Care, Medicine and Industrial Research and Development.

Career opportunities for students in biotechnology are vast in both private and public sector undertakings. The career prospects widen up for post-graduate degree holders in biotechnology stream in number of industries. These days more and more qualified biotechnical professionals are engaged by several industries for the safe disposal of hazardous materials and for environment protection activities.

Career paths for Bio Technologists:

The Scope for the Biotechnology engineers, both in India and abroad is immense. A number of diversified job opportunities are available to Biotechnology graduates. Bio technologists can become an intense lab-based research interest to on-field business manager depending on his area of interest. The various other potential career paths for Bio Technology professionals are as follows:

·        Medical Scientists
·        Microbiologists
·        Epidemiologists
·        Biological Technicians
·        Medical and Clinical Lab Technologists & Technicians
·        R&D and Process Development Scientists
·        Regulatory QA/QC Bio manufacturing Specialists
·        Bio production Operators
·        Biochemists and Biophysicists
·        Biomedical Engineers

Pay Scale for Bio Technology Engineers:

The compensation package for Bio Technology Engineers largely depends on your academic qualification, your area of specialisation and the college from which you have graduated. The average starting salary for a fresher is generally between 2.4 to 5 lakh Rupees per year.  However candidates with a Masters degree in Biotechnology tend to get better starting salary in comparison to students possessing just an under graduate degree in this field. With an increase in the level of experience, there is abundant scope of earning more in this exciting and inspiring profession.

The advantage of having a career in this field is that this industry is upcoming and constantly growing and provides worldwide scope in research activities. Since the scope for research is very wide and efficient work of Bio Technology Engineers are well received among multinationals. And with advent of globalization and liberalization many private businesses are exploring this field and have started heavily investing in it. It is safe to say that there are ample job opportunities for B.E./B.Tech. Biotechnology Graduates in private sector.


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