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Mining Engineering  is a specialized field of engineering that is growing in popularity among aspiring engineers, who want to select a...

Best courses to pursue in Engineering: Mining Engineering

Best courses to pursue in Engineering: Mining Engineering

8 10 99

Mining Engineering is a specialized field of engineering that is growing in popularity among aspiring engineers, who want to select a totally different career path apart from conventional subjects such as Computer Science, Chemical or Mechanical Engineering. Mining Engineering is the science of extraction and processing of essential natural minerals from the environment. The discipline involves the theory, the practice, the science, the technology, and application of extracting and processing minerals from natural sources and processing ores for additional value.

Mining Industry is witnessing growing importance of reclamation and recycling. Mining Engineering involves using the latest extraction technology to treat secondary sources like contaminated land, industrial & domestic waste and waste from previously mined deposits. It is a branch of engineering that is related to the study of application and techniques to extract and process valuable minerals from natural surroundings. Its process involves extraction of metallic, non-metallic ores of all kinds and solid fuels and energy sources such as coal and nuclear material.

Job Responsibilities of Mining Engineer:

There are various phases in mining processes starting from exploration, feasibility analysis, production, development, procession, marketing, final land restoration and rehabilitation. The main role of mining engineers is to apply scientific theory, engineering techniques and improved technology to find sites containing naturally occurring minerals & petroleum and extract these resources. Mining Engineers ensure environment friendly, safe and economic extraction of minerals and resources making them highly demanded professionals who are offered reputed job profile with lucrative salary.  

Mining Engineers are involved in field work, which includes deep underground excavations as well as surface working in strip mines and quarries. Apart from that, they also plan and coordinate the operations of mining staff in order to ensure safety and efficiency.  A few of their important roles are as listed below:

  • Mining Engineers use technology and conduct mineral extraction without harming the surroundings of the extraction site.
  • They undertake evaluations in collaboration with geologists, earth scientists and economists to conduct mining of mineral deposits and carry out investigations of mineral deposits.
  • They work towards increasing the productivity with technological intervention in different aspects of mining like mineral discovery, mineral determination, blasting and surface mining.
  • They integrate the knowledge of geology, rock mechanics, engineering, economics, surveying and designing for mining.
  • It is also their task to prepare plans for mines, tunnels and shafts for underground operations. They also make use of computer-aided design packages to design haulage roads for open-cut operations.
  • They prepare the layout where mines are developed and the process by which minerals must be mined.

Core subjects taught in Mining Engineering:

·        Mine Planning
·        Environmental Aspects of Mining
·        Design of Engineering Structures
·        Materials Handling
·        Drilling and Blasting
·        Minerals Processing
·        Ore Reserve Analysis
·        Industrial Management
·        Ventilation
·        Rock Mechanics
·        Mine Cost Engineering
·        Mine Health and Safety

Top Mining Engineering institutions in India:

The duration of a full time UG course in Mining Engineering in India is 4 years. The best institutions for this course are:
·        IIT Kharagpur
·        NIT Surathkal
·        NIT Rourkela
·        NIT Raipur
·        IIT-BHU Varanasi
·        ISM Dhanbad
·        Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur
·        Acharya Institute of Technology, Bangalore
·        VNIT Nagpur
·        University of Petroleum and Energy Studies

Top recruiters of Mining Engineers:

The top recruiters of this sector are mainly private and government mining organizations. A few of the top recruiters are given below:

·        Adani Mining Pvt. Ltd.
·        Hindustan Zinc Limited
·        Neyveli Lignite Corporation
·        Cairn Energy
·        Coal India Ltd.
·        Damodar Valley Corporation
·        DRDO
·        Essel Mining & Industries Ltd.
·        MMTC Limited
·        Uranium Corporation of India
·        Arcelor Mittal
·        Bharat Forge Limited
·        Tata Steel
·        Rio Tinto
·        Electro Steel
·        Vizag Steel
·        Monet Ispat
·        Vedanta
·        HZL
·        HCL

Job Profiles for Mining Engineers:

A successful graduate of this stream is one who has learnt enough to determine the profitability of a mine. Such skilled personnel are highly in demand and they might work as supervisors, mineral salespersons, environmental and health and safety managers. A few other career paths for Mining Engineers are as follows:

·        Mining Engineer
·        Technical Consultant- Mining Industries
·        Deputy Chief Mechanical - Metals & Mining
·        Mining Engineer - Granite
·        Mining Engineer / Mine Planner
·        Research Engineers- Data Mining
·        Assistant Mining Engineer
·        Mining Engineering Technicians

Scope of Mining Engineering:

Mining plays a key role in a nation’s economy and its importance is increasing every day because of the shortage of coal, petroleum, and other valuable minerals. Because of this the demand for advancements in Mining Industry is bound to improve and the human resource required for this task is still in a meager amount and there lies the scope for fresh Mining Engineers.

Mining Engineering contributes a lot in making use of a country’s natural resources and subsequently paving way to the country’s progress. Becoming a Professor or a lecturer of Mining Engineering department in an Engineering college is also a better option as it ensures a very bright future. After completing post graduation in Mining Engineering and clearing NET exam, you can teach this subject in universities and colleges.

Mining engineering encompasses a lot of subjects including chemistry, metallurgy, physics, safety and geology. It also introduces you to basic electrical and mechanical as they are part of the mining operation. More importantly, the primary focus of the course will be on mining principles which include exploration, extraction, rehabilitation and restoration. So go for it if you really wish to learn something new as well as rewarding!

What is Bio Technology? Biotechnology is an upcoming popular career option among the student community. It is one of the very few ra...

Best Engineering Courses for a prosperous career: Bio Technology

Best Engineering Courses for a prosperous career: Bio Technology

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What is Bio Technology?

Biotechnology is an upcoming popular career option among the student community. It is one of the very few rapidly growing areas of science that is gaining immense popularity recently. Biotechnology is application of biological principles and methodologies in latest technologies to bring new development. It is a fast growing and evolving field in science. Biotechnology can be defined as a set of powerful tools that employ living organisms to make or modify products, improve animals/plants, or develop microorganisms for specific purpose.

Biotechnology is a research oriented science which covers a wide variety of subjects like Genetics, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Immunology, Virology and Engineering.  With the introduction of industrial biotechnology and rising global interest in bio fuels, opportunities in this industry are increasing on a day to day basis. This branch of study is particularly beneficial in areas of medicine, chemical industries and agriculture & its associated industries.

Subjects covered in Bio Technology Engineering:

Just like any other course of engineering, during 1st and 2nd semesters, set of common Engineering subjects along with workshop sessions are present in the curriculum. The core subjects for Bio technology engineers are taught starting from the 3rd semester of the engineering course as follows:

·        Basics of Biology
·        Life Sciences
·        Cell Biology
·        Biochemistry
·        Organic Chemistry
·        Thermodynamics
·        Taxonomy
·        Process Engineering
·        Food Science
·        Management
·        Chemistry
·        Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology
·        Process Control
·        Agricultural Biotechnology
·        Plant Design
·        Bioinformatics
·        Nano Biotechnology
·        Animal and Plant Biotechnology
·        Instrumentation
·        Bio process Engineering
·        Genomics
·        Microbiology
·        Mathematics for Biologists
·        Biophysical Chemistry
·        Bio molecules
·        Molecular Biology & Molecular Genetics
·        Bio process Technology
·        Engineering Principles
·        Virology
·        Molecular Biology of Eukaryotic Systems
·        Animal Cell Biotechnology
·        Genetic Engineering & its Applications
·        Downstream Processing
·        Computational Biology & Bioinformatics
·        Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases
·        Computational and Structural Biology
·        Gene Expression
·        Protein Stability and Folding
·        Advanced Immunology
·        Optimization of Re combinant Protein Expression

Important industries for Bio technology Professionals:

Since biotechnology is a vast field, there lies pool of opportunities for professionals of this branch of science across various sectors. Some of areas in which Bio technology engineers are employed are:

·        Gene therapy
·        Enzyme engineering and technology
·        DNA technologies
·        Drugs and vaccines
·        Nano biotechnology
·         Bio-processing industries
·        Pharmaceutical and chemical industries
·        Healthcare products
·        Textile industry
·        Cosmetics
·        Agriculture sector

Planning, production and management are some of the areas in which bio technologists can also be employed.

Top recruiters for Bio-tech engineers:

There are a large number of companies in Indian biotechnological industry which extensively use biotechnological techniques and processes for developing and innovating processes and products. Here is a comprehensive list of top companies to work with:

·        Biocon
·        Venkateshwara Hatcheries
·        Ranbaxy
·        Serum Institute of India
·        Panacea Biotech
·        Novo Nordisk
·        Aventis
·        Indian Immunologicals
·        Dr. Reddy’s Labs
·        Piramal Healthcare
·        Mahyco Monsanto Biotech
·        Rasi Seeds

Job Prospects for Bio Technology Engineers:

Biotechnology is a mixture of innumerous disciplines. Adding to that there is a great demand for biotechnical experts in countless organizations and industries. The biotechnological techniques are used extensively in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Environment Conservation, Genetic Engineering, Health Care, Medicine and Industrial Research and Development.

Career opportunities for students in biotechnology are vast in both private and public sector undertakings. The career prospects widen up for post-graduate degree holders in biotechnology stream in number of industries. These days more and more qualified biotechnical professionals are engaged by several industries for the safe disposal of hazardous materials and for environment protection activities.

Career paths for Bio Technologists:

The Scope for the Biotechnology engineers, both in India and abroad is immense. A number of diversified job opportunities are available to Biotechnology graduates. Bio technologists can become an intense lab-based research interest to on-field business manager depending on his area of interest. The various other potential career paths for Bio Technology professionals are as follows:

·        Medical Scientists
·        Microbiologists
·        Epidemiologists
·        Biological Technicians
·        Medical and Clinical Lab Technologists & Technicians
·        R&D and Process Development Scientists
·        Regulatory QA/QC Bio manufacturing Specialists
·        Bio production Operators
·        Biochemists and Biophysicists
·        Biomedical Engineers

Pay Scale for Bio Technology Engineers:

The compensation package for Bio Technology Engineers largely depends on your academic qualification, your area of specialisation and the college from which you have graduated. The average starting salary for a fresher is generally between 2.4 to 5 lakh Rupees per year.  However candidates with a Masters degree in Biotechnology tend to get better starting salary in comparison to students possessing just an under graduate degree in this field. With an increase in the level of experience, there is abundant scope of earning more in this exciting and inspiring profession.

The advantage of having a career in this field is that this industry is upcoming and constantly growing and provides worldwide scope in research activities. Since the scope for research is very wide and efficient work of Bio Technology Engineers are well received among multinationals. And with advent of globalization and liberalization many private businesses are exploring this field and have started heavily investing in it. It is safe to say that there are ample job opportunities for B.E./B.Tech. Biotechnology Graduates in private sector.

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the engineering of chemicals to identify and resolve technical glitch...

Top courses in Engineering Streams – Chemical Engineering

Top courses in Engineering Streams – Chemical Engineering

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Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the engineering of chemicals to identify and resolve technical glitches. This branch of engineering is mainly concerned with the processes that convert raw materials or chemicals into some valuable and useful forms. Chemical engineers are also involved in fields such as nanotechnology and bio engineering.

If you pursue Chemical engineering in a sincere manner it is highly profitable and the scope of this industry in India is huge. A common myth is that the work conditions of chemical engineers are hazardous and unclean but in reality the chemical engineers work in safe environment and there is very less possibility of direct contact with chemicals.

Job Description of a Chemical Engineer:

So what exactly does a Chemical Engineer do in his daily work? The various duties of a chemical engineer are as follows:

i)             Conducting research to develop an improved manufacturing process.
ii)            Helps in managing optimum usage of world's resources.
iii)          Protects the environment by framing tight safety and health standards.
iv)          Provides safety measures for men working with dangerous chemicals.
v)           Works on effectively making food products and drinks.
vi)          Design and invent new products and processes.
vii)        Construct facilities and instrument.
viii)       Plan and operate facilities.
ix)          Make processes cost effective, efficient and eco-friendly.

Various industries to work for Chemical Engineers:

Chemical engineers work in both offices and laboratories depending upon the job requirements. They get an opportunity to work at industrial plants, refineries and locations where they monitor or direct chemical operations. They usually work with technicians and design professional or work on-site. The industries that primarily employ chemical engineers are as follows:   

1.   Architectural, engineering, and related services
2.   Basic chemical manufacturing
3.   Scientific research and development services
4.   Resin, synthetic rubber, and artificial synthetic fibers and filaments manufacturing
5.   Petroleum and coal products manufacturing
6.   Food Manufacturing units
7.   Electronics and Energy manufacturers
8.   Biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies
9.   Business services
10.       Health-care industries

Top recruiters of Chemical Engineers:

Being a Chemical Engineer the following are the dream companies to work for:

(i)           Reliance industries
(ii)          Essar oils
(iii)        Gujarat oils
(iv)        ONGC
(v)         BPCL
(vi)        Fertilizers
(vii)      Indo Gulf fertilizers
(viii)     Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Limited
(ix)        Coromandel fertilizers
(x)         Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceuticals
(xi)        Orissa Drugs and Chemical Limited
(xii)      Indian Drugs and Pharmaceutical Limited
(xiii)     Bihar Drugs and Organic Chemical Limited
(xiv)    Naramada colours pvt limited
(xv)      Honeywell
(xvi)    Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
(xvii)   Aditya Birla Chemicals
(xviii)  Arati Industries Limited
(xix)    L&T
(xx)      Shell
(xxi)    UOP
(xxii)   Fluor
(xxiii)  Technip
(xxiv) Bechtel
(xxv)  IOCL
(xxvi) EIL
(xxvii)                Samsung
(xxviii)              Punj Lloyd
(xxix) ISRO
(xxx)  NASA
(xxxi) Pepsico
(xxxii)                KBR
(xxxiii)              Foster Wheeler
(xxxiv)              HPCL
(xxxv)               GAIL
(xxxvi)              HUL
(xxxvii)            Proctor and Gamble
(xxxviii)           Cairn
(xxxix)              Tata Chemicals
(xl)        RCF
(xli)      Asian Paints
(xlii)     Schlumberger
(xliii)    BP
(xliv)   Chevron
(xlv)    Exxon Mobil
(xlvi)   Hero
(xlvii)  Mahindra
(xlix)   Bajaj
(l)           EIL
(li)          LINDE
(lii)        L&T
(liii)       Vizak Steel
(liv)      Iffco
(lv)        Kribhco
(lvi)      HPL

Pay Scale and Growth Forecast:

Employment of chemical engineers is projected to grow 4% from 2012 to 2022 a tad slower than the average for all occupations. At present the salaries of chemical engineers in India are very lucrative which will improve over a course of few years from now. Once you get into a Public Sector Unit (PSU) Organisation using your GATE score you can even get a hefty CTC of 11.6 lakh per annum. The amount of competition is also less as only 12,000 to 16,000 chemical engineers take GATE exam annually. But this may not be possible for everyone and so we need to gain ourselves enough experience to make our pay checks fatter.

Even though Chemical Engineering is considered to be a niche area, we have numerous fields of specialisation in it as well. You can explore jobs in materials, environment, petroleum or energy industry. To ascertain our fact we can say that most of the Safety Engineers in processing industry are either chemical or mechanical engineers and therefore getting a job must not be a big worry once you graduate in this stream. As of current situation a fresher out from college can expect an average salary of Rs. 25,000 per month to Rs. 30,000 per month at his initial stage.

Top recommended Institutions across the World for Chemical Engineering:

A.  Indian Institute of Technology
B.  Stanford University
C.  Delhi Indian Institute of Technology
D.  IIT Bombay Indian Institute of Technology
E.  IIT Kharagpur Indian Institute of Technology
F.   University of Cambridge
G.  National University of Singapore
H.  IIT Madras Birla Institute of Technology and Science
I.     BITS-Pilani
J.   Massachusetts Institute of Technology
K.  University of California, Berkeley

The Scope for Chemical Engineers in upcoming years is vast. It is only a matter of your talent, skills and of course opportunity to come in flying colors in this sector. Moreover chemical Engineers are in the most important line of people in paint, pharmaceutical, chemical, petroleum and in similar type of industries. In fact, the Petroleum engineers are some of the best paid people on this planet. There are many specialized jobs for chemical people nearly in all the industries. If you are interested in research, you could also opt for higher studies in Chemical Engineering stream itself.